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Zahi Hawass announces the discovery of a lost city dating back to the reign of King Amenhotep III .. Tutankhamun used it 3000 years ago

 The joint Egyptian mission with the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, headed by Dr. Zahi Hawass, discovered the lost city under the sand, which was called “Ascension of Aton,” which dates back to the reign of King Amenhotep III, and the city continued to be used by Tutankhamun, i.e. 3000 years ago.


Dr. Zahi Hawass said that work began in this area to search for the funerary temple of King Tutankhamun, because the temples of "Horemheb" and "Ay" had been found before.


 


Hawass confirmed that the mission found the largest city ever in Egypt, which was founded by one of the greatest rulers of Egypt, King Amenhotep III, the ninth king of the eighteenth dynasty, who ruled Egypt from 1391 to 1353 BC, and was shared by his son and heir to the throne Amenhotep IV. Akhenaten, the last eight years of his reign.


Hawass added that this city was the largest administrative and industrial settlement in the era of the Egyptian Empire on the West Bank of Luxor, where houses were found in the city, some of which are about 3 meters high and divided into streets. We have uncovered a part of the city that extends to the west, while a monastery is considered a monastery. The city is part of our city. "


Excavations began in September 2020, and within weeks, mud brick formations began to appear in all directions, and the mission was astonished when it discovered that the site is a large city in a good condition of preservation, with almost complete walls, and rooms full of tools of daily life. Archaeological layers have remained intact for thousands of years, and the ancient inhabitants left them as if they were yesterday.


Dr. Betsy Bryan, professor of Egyptology at Johns Hopkins University, said that the discovery of this lost city is the second important archaeological discovery after the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun.


The discovery of this city not only gives us a rare glimpse into the life of the ancient Egyptians in the era of the empire, but it will also help us shed light on one of the greatest mysteries in history and why Akhenaten and Nefertiti decided to move to Amarna?


The excavation area is located between the Temple of Ramses III in Medinet Habu and the Temple of Amenhotep III in Memnon, and the Egyptian mission began working in this area in search of the funeral temple of Tutankhamun, and King Ay, the successor of Tutankhamun, was the one who built his temple on a site that was later adjacent to it. On its south side, the Temple of Ramses III in Medinet Habu.


 


The first objective of the mission was to determine the history of this city, as hieroglyphic inscriptions were found on the ceramic lids of wine vessels, and historical references tell us that the city consisted of three royal palaces of King Amenhotep III, in addition to the administrative and industrial center of the empire.

He confirmed the existence of a large number of archaeological discoveries such as rings, scarabs, colored pottery and mud bricks bearing the seals of King Amenhotep III's cartouche seals revealing the history of the city, and the mission found in the southern part the bakery, cooking area and food preparation places complete with ovens and pottery storage utensils, which served a large number Of workers and employees.


 


As for the second area, which has been partially disclosed, it represents the administrative and residential district, as it includes larger, well-organized units. This area is fenced by a zig-zag wall, with only one entry point leading to interior corridors and residential areas. This single entrance makes us believe that it was a kind of security in terms of being able to control entry and exit to closed areas, and the winding walls are a rare architectural element in ancient Egyptian architecture, and were used mainly at the end of the Eighteenth Dynasty.


 


As for the third area, it is the workshop, as it includes on one of its sides the production area of ​​mud bricks used to build temples and annexes, and the bricks contain seals bearing the cartouches of King Amenhotep III (Neb Maat Ra), and a large number of casting molds for the production of amulets and delicate decorative elements were discovered, and this Another testament to the extensive activity in the city to produce the decorations of both temples and tombs.


 


Throughout the excavation areas, the mission found many tools used in industrial activity, such as spinning and weaving works, and rubble of metals and glass were also discovered, but the main area for such activity has not yet been discovered, and two unfamiliar burials of a cow or an ox were found inside one The rooms, and research is still underway to determine the nature and purpose of these burials.


 


A burial of a person was also found with his arms stretched next to him, and the remains of a rope wrapped around his knees, and the location and position of this skeleton is somewhat strange, and there is more research on this matter, and a vase containing two gallons of dried or boiled meat was also found ( About 10 kilograms) and bears inscriptions on the crest that can be read: “Year 37, boiled meat for Valentine's Day of the Third Dam from the barn butcher shop“ Kha ”made by the butcher Iwi.


 


And this valuable information not only gives us the names of two people who lived and worked in the city, but also confirms that the city was active and determined the time of King Amenhotep III's participation with his son Akhenaten.


 


The mission also found a text engraved on the imprint of a seal that reads: "Gem Ba Aten" meaning the province of Aton Al-Sata, and this is the name of a temple built by King Akhenaten at Karnak, and a large tomb was uncovered, the extent of which has not yet been determined. The mission discovered a group of tombs carved into the rocks. Of different sizes, which can be accessed through stairs carved into the rock, there is a common feature to build tombs in the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Nobles. The work is still underway and the mission expects to uncover untouched graves full of treasures.


 


Ongoing excavations are giving archaeologists access to the city's original layer of activity, as information has been unveiled that will change history and give us unique insight into the Tutankhamun family.


 


The discovery of the lost city will also give us a deeper understanding of the daily life of the ancient Egyptians in terms of the method of building and decorating the houses, the tools they used and how to organize the work, and only a third of the area has been discovered so far, and the mission will continue the excavation work, including the area that has been identified as Probable site of Tutankhamun's funerary temple.


 


"Hawass" concluded, "We have a lot of information about tombs and temples, but this is the first time to reveal secrets about the life of the kings of the golden age of Egypt."

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